Astronomy Picture of the Day
August 22, 2012

Lost Moon (from AS 13-61-8795)
Lost Moon (from AS 13-61-8795)

Credits: NASA/JPL-Apollo 13 Crew - Lunar and Planetary Institute; additional process.: Dr Paolo C. Fienga/LXTT/IPF

Today's APOD is dedicated to the Apollo 13 Mission, which was the 7th (seventh) manned mission in the American NASA - Apollo Space Program and the 3rd (third) one intended to land two Astronauts on the Moon. The NASA - Apollo 13 Spacecraft was launched on April 11, 1970, at 13:13 of the North American Central Time Zone, from the Kennedy Space Center, Florida, but the Lunar Landing was aborted after an Oxygen Tank exploded, two days later, crippling the Service Module upon which the Command Module depended.

Despite great hardship caused by limited power, loss of cabin heat, shortage of potable water, and the critical need to jury-rig the Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Removal System, the Crew returned safely to Earth on April 17. The flight was commanded by James A. Lovell with John L. "Jack" Swigert as Command Module Pilot and Fred W. Haise as Lunar Module Pilot.

As many of you should remember, Swigert was a late replacement for the original Command Module Pilot, Ken Mattingly, who was grounded by the Flight Surgeon after the (alleged) exposure to German measles (---> also known as Rubella, such as a disease caused by the Rubella Virus. The name "Rubella" is derived from Latin, and it means "Little Red").

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