Astronomy Picture of the Day
March 14, 2013

Features of Martz Crater
Features of Martz Crater

Credits: NASA/JPL/Arizona State University (ASU) - Credits for the additional process. and color.: Dr Paolo C. Fienga/Lunar Explorer Italia/IPF

This picture, taken by the NASA - Mars Odyssey Orbiter during its 49.480th orbit around the Red Planet, shows us a small portion of the Inner Rim of the ancient Martz Crater, heavily dissected by a great number of small Channels.

Martz Crater is located in the Southern Hemisphere of Mars, in a Region known as Terra Cimmeria; it is almost 100 Km (such as a little more than 62 miles) wide and approximately 1,5 Km (such as about 0,9 miles) deep. Martz Crater is well known among Planetary Scientists because of its very prominent and steep Complex Central Peak (which is approx. 1500 meters - or 5000 feet - tall): a Central Peak that formed, like you know, at the same time of the Crater (and as a consequence of a phenomenon known as "Rebound Effect"), right after a medium-sized Celestial Object (probably something in between 0,5 to 1 Km - such as from 0,31 to 0,62 miles - across) impacted the Surface of Mars.

Latitude (centered): 34,614° South
Longitude (centered): 143,722° East
Instrument: VIS
Captured: February, 8th, 2013

This frame (which is an Original Mars Odyssey Orbiter b/w frame published on the NASA - Planetary Photojournal with the ID n. PIA 16273) has been additionally processed and then colorized in Absolute Natural Colors (such as the colors that a human eye would actually perceive if someone were onboard the NASA - Mars Odyssey Orbiter and then looked down, towards the Surface of Mars), by using an original technique created - and, in time, dramatically improved - by the Lunar Explorer Italia Team.

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