Astronomy Picture of the Day
June 28, 2013

Unnamed (and relatively fresh) Impact Crater (CTX Frame)
Unnamed (and relatively fresh) Impact Crater (CTX Frame)

Credits: NASA/Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory/Carnegie Institution of Washington and Dr Paolo C. Fienga/LXTT/IPF for the additional process. and color.

This Absolute Natural Color Image-Mosaic shows us a bright (and, of course, relatively speaking, "fresh") Impact Crater - approx. 33 Km (such as about 20,49 miles) in diameter - exhibiting possible evidence of a Pyroclastic Deposit on it's Eastern Side (---> Dx of the Crater for the Observer), as well as a series of Secondary Impact Craters which have unearthed some - still unknown - kind of Sub-Surface Material, barely visible (and lightly gray-colored) in the North-Eastern corner of the picture (---> upper right quadrant).


Date acquired: November, 6th, 2011
Images Mission Elapsed Time (MET): 229105596, 229105592, 229105588
Images ID: 980566, 980565, 980564
Instrument: Wide Angle Camera (WAC) of the Mercury Dual Imaging System (MDIS)
Center Latitude: 25,42° North
Center Longitude: 266,80° East
Solar Incidence Angle: 52,3° (meaning that the Sun, at the time that the picture was taken, was about 37,7° above the imaged Local Mercurian Horizon)
Emission Angle: 16,8°
Sun-Mercury-Messenger (or "Phase") Angle: 69,1°


This picture (which is an Original NASA - MESSENGER Spacecraft's false colors Map-Projected image-mosaic published on the NASA - Planetary Photojournal with the ID n. PIA 17290) has been additionally processed, contrast enhanced, magnified and then re-colorized in Absolute Natural Colors (such as the colors that a human eye would actually perceive if someone were onboard the NASA - MESSENGER Spacecraft and then looked down, towards the Surface of Mercury), by using an original technique created - and, in time, dramatically improved - by the Lunar Explorer Italia Team. Different colors, as well as different shades of the same color, mean, among other things, the existence of different Elements (Minerals) present on the Surface of Mercury, each having a different Albedo (---> Reflectivity) and Chemical Composition.



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