Astronomy Picture of the Day
October 16, 2014

Impact Feature near the South Pole of Mars
Impact Feature near the South Pole of Mars

Credits: NASA/JPL/Arizona State University (ASU) - Credits for the additional process. and color.: Dr Paolo C. Fienga/Lunar Explorer Italia/IPF

In this VIS image, taken by the NASA - Mars Odyssey Orbiter on August, 31st, 2014, and during its 56.400th orbit around the Red Planet, we can see a small part of a Region located near the South Polar Cap of Mars which is deeply chracterized by the presence of several unusually-looking Plateaux as well as Surface Depressions.

However, the most intriguing detail visible in this picture is in the presence of a (relatively) small Impact Crater with Pedestal (an Impact Feature that, as you know, is extremely rare to find in these Regions of Mars) which can be easily seen on the Edge of a Plateau located on the lower Eastern Margin (Dx) of the frame. 

Latitude (centered): 81,4521° South
Longitude (centered): 278,2860° East
Instrument: VIS

This image (which is a crop taken from an Original Mars Odyssey Orbiter b/w and Map-Projected frame published on the NASA - Planetary Photojournal with the ID n. PIA 18744) has been additionally processed, magnified to aid the visibility of the details, contrast enhanced and sharpened, Gamma corrected and then colorized in Absolute Natural Colors (such as the colors that a normal human eye would actually perceive if someone were onboard the NASA - Mars Odyssey Orbiter and then looked down, towards the Surface of Mars), by using an original technique created - and, in time, dramatically improved - by the Lunar Explorer Italia Team.

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