Astronomy Picture of the Day
April 4, 2015

A portion of Müller Crater and Surroundings
A portion of Müller Crater and Surroundings

Credits: NASA/JPL/Arizona State University (ASU) - Credits for the additional process. and color.: Dr Paolo C. Fienga/Lunar Explorer Italia/IPF

In this beautiful VIS image, taken by the NASA - Mars Odyssey Orbiter on June, 2nd, 2003, and during its 6.500th orbit around the Red Planet, we can see a small portion of the Floor - as well as of the Terrain - surrounding the extremely old and irregularly-shaped Müller Crater, an Impact Crater located in the Martian Region known as Terra Cimmeria.

Müller Crater has a diameter of approx. 120,5 Km (such as about 74,8305 miles), is located in the Martian Southern Hemisphere, centeerd at 25.74° South Latitude, and 127.89° East Longitude, and it is found in the Mare Tyrrhenum Quadrangle of Mars. According to the International Astronomical Union's Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature, Müller Crater was - jointly - named after Hermann Joseph Muller, an American Geneticist and Anti-Nuclear Weapons Activist, and Carl H. Müller, a German Astronomer.

Just out of curiosity, you should know that the Ejecta coming from Müller Crater divides two Drainage Basins which, according to Planetary Scientists, belong to the Noachian Era of Mars.

Latitude (centered): 25,899° South
Longitude (centered): 127,662° East
Instrument: VIS

This image (which is an Original Mars Odyssey Orbiter falsely colored and Map-Projected frame published on the NASA - Planetary Photojournal with the ID n. PIA 19266) has been additionally processed, magnified to aid the visibility of the details, contrast enhanced and sharpened, Gamma corrected and then re-colorized in Absolute Natural Colors (such as the colors that a normal human eye would actually perceive if someone were onboard the NASA - Mars Odyssey Orbiter and then looked down, towards the Surface of Mars), by using an original technique created - and, in time, dramatically improved - by the Lunar Explorer Italia Team.

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