Astronomy Picture of the Day
December 7, 2015

Features near the South Polar Cap of Mars
Features near the South Polar Cap of Mars

Credits: NASA/JPL/Arizona State University (ASU) - Credits for the additional process. and color.: Dr Paolo C. Fienga/Lunar Explorer Italia/IPF

In this VIS image, taken by the NASA - Mars Odyssey Orbiter on October, 17th, 2005, and during its 17.045th orbit around the Red Planet, we can see a truly small Region located to the West of the large (and extremely dark) Dunefield surrounding the South Polar Cap. The beginning of the South Polar Cap, just for your information, is visible at the bottom of the picture.

Latitude (centered): 71,5569° South
Longitude (centered): 142,9600° East
Instrument: VIS

This image (which is an Original Mars Odyssey Orbiter falsely colored and Map-Projected frame published on the NASA - Planetary Photojournal with the ID n. PIA 20108) has been additionally processed, magnified to aid the visibility of the details, extra-contrast enhanced and sharpened, Gamma corrected and then re-colorized in Absolute Natural Colors (such as the colors that a normal human eye would actually perceive if someone were onboard the NASA - Mars Odyssey Orbiter and then looked down, towards the Surface of Mars), by using an original technique created - and, in time, dramatically improved - by the Lunar Explorer Italia Team.

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