Astronomy Picture of the Day
July 18, 2016

Features of Vernal Crater
Features of Vernal Crater

Credits: NASA/JPL/Arizona State University (ASU) - Credits for the additional process. and color.: Dr Paolo C. Fienga/Lunar Explorer Italia/IPF

In this simply beautiful VIS image, taken by the NASA - Mars Odyssey Orbiter on October, 26th, 2010, and during its 39.099th orbit around the Red Planet, we can see a truly small portion of the peri-Equatorial Martian Crater known as Vernal Crater. The dark gray (actually, almost black) color existing in the band-like Surface Configurations visible in the upper central portion as well as to the right (Dx) upper corner of the picture often indicate the presence of large amounts of Volcanic Sands and/or other Basaltic Materials.

Latitude (centered): 5,48217° North
Longitude (centered): 355,53200° East
Instrument: VIS

This image (which is an Original Mars Odyssey Orbiter falsely colored and Map Projected frame published on the NASA - Planetary Photojournal with the ID n. PIA 20768) has been additionally processed, magnified to aid the visibility of the details, extra-contrast enhanced and sharpened, Gamma corrected and then re-colorized in Absolute Natural Colors (such as the colors that a normal human eye would actually perceive if someone were onboard the NASA - Mars Odyssey Orbiter and then looked down, towards the Surface of Mars), by using an original technique created - and, in time, dramatically improved - by the Lunar Explorer Italia Team.

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